Zabbix: send SMS using gammu-smsd

Recently I needed to setup a Zabbix distribution with SMS notifications. I had a Momo Design MD-@ USB Internet key to be used as GSM modem, with a BT Italia (Vodafone) SIM card. I used the 1.8.5 version of Zabbix, installed using the apt tool on a Ubuntu 11.10.

The Zabbix built-in SMS notification system seemed to have a bug, which cause a triple notification to be sent on every trigger action (bug ID ZBX-3507), so I preferred to use an external (custom) script and a third party tool: gammu-smsd.

This daemon connects to the GSM modem and listens for an outgoing queue; when you need to send a message, you just have to “inject” it into its queue, then it does the rest.

Installation

As soon as I plugged the USB key into the server, Ubuntu recognized it:

Oct 27 13:57:08 MyMachineName kernel: [764858.260009] usb 4-1: new full speed USB device number 2 using uhci_hcd
Oct 27 13:57:08 MyMachineName kernel: [764858.481158] cdc_acm 4-1:1.0: ttyACM0: USB ACM device
Oct 27 13:57:08 MyMachineName kernel: [764858.484118] usbcore: registered new interface driver cdc_acm
Oct 27 13:57:08 MyMachineName kernel: [764858.484121] cdc_acm: USB Abstract Control Model driver for USB modems and ISDN adapters

Then I installed gammu-smsd and edited its configuration file:

apt-get install gammu-smsd
cat /etc/gammu-smsdrc

# Configuration file for Gammu SMS Daemon

# Gammu library configuration, see gammurc(5)
[gammu]
# Please configure this!
port = /dev/ttyACM0
connection = at
# Debugging
logformat = textall

# SMSD configuration, see gammu-smsdrc(5)
[smsd]
service = files
logfile = /var/log/gammu-smsd
# Increase for debugging information
debuglevel = 0
ReceiveFrequency = 300
# Paths where messages are stored
inboxpath = /var/spool/gammu/inbox/
outboxpath = /var/spool/gammu/outbox/
sentsmspath = /var/spool/gammu/sent/
errorsmspath = /var/spool/gammu/error/

The port parameter is the device where the modem is mapped. This may change on other system.

I changed the logfile parameter also, because by default it is configured to log to syslog. You need to give the right permissions to it:

chmod a+rw /var/log/gammu-smsd

The ReceiveFrequency is used to tell gammu-smsd how often to check for incoming SMS; by default it is every 1 second, but in my case I didn’t need to receive SMS, so I raised it to 5 minutes.

An important parameter is PIN on the [smsd] section: in my case I removed the PIN check from my SIM card, so I didn’t use it in the configuration file.

In order to avoid “Cannot open file” errors, I also granted access to the device to everyone:

chmod a+rw /dev/ttyACM0

At this time I reloaded gammu-smsd and tested the configuration:

/etc/init.d/gammu-smsd restart
echo "Test message" | gammu-smsd-inject TEXT 335123456

(replace 335123456 with your mobile phone number!)

The gammu-smsd-monitor utility let you to check your modem status too.

In order to rotate gammu-smsd log file, I wrote a logrotate.d configuration file too:

cat /etc/logrotate.d/gammu-smsd
/var/log/gammu-smsd {
    daily
    rotate 7
    compress
    missingok
    notifempty
}

Zabbix configuration

As first I configured a new media type using the Zabbix administration front-end:

Administration / Media types -> Create Media Type

Description: SMS-via-gammu
Type: Script
Script name: sendsms

sendsms is the name of the external script I used for my custom notification system.

Then I configured the new media type for my Zabbix user:

Administration / Users -> select Users in the top right corner – edit your user Media: Add

Type: SMS-via-gammu
Send to: 335123456
When active, Use if severity: as you wish
Status: Enabled

Of course, I had an Action configured too, but for more information I suggest you to read about it on the official documentation page.

In order to configure Zabbix to use external notification scripts, I verified that the AlertScriptsPath was present in the configuration file:

cat /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf | grep AlertScriptsPath
AlertScriptsPath=/etc/zabbix/alert.d/

/etc/zabbix/alert.d is the directory where notifications script have to be.

Then I added the zabbix user to the gammu group, in order to give it the right permissions to inject messages into the outgoing gammu queue…

adduser zabbix gammu

… then I restarted Zabbix:

/etc/init.d/zabbix-server restart

This is the script I used to inject Zabbix notifications into the gammu outgoing queue (/etc/zabbix/alert.d/sendsms):

#!/bin/sh

# $1    recipient
# $2    subject
# $3    message

TMPFILE=`mktemp -t`

echo "$3" >> $TMPFILE

cat $TMPFILE | gammu-smsd-inject TEXT $1

rm $TMPFILE
chmod a+x /etc/zabbix/alert.d/sendsms

At this time I tested it by creating a new trigger with fake values (temperature < 100 °C, or everything else could let an action to be raised).

References

Zabbix.com: Configuration page on the official documentation site

gammu-smsd: Gammu SMSD

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Italian, born in 1980, I started working in the IT area in the late '90s; I'm now a system and network administrator with a deep knowledge of the global Internet and its core architectures.

8 Comments

  1. Trempest says:

    Hi. Thanks first of all for the write up. I’ve tried the configuration you posted and gammu only works when (1) gammu-smsd daemon isn’t running and running the command echo “Test message 01 from DSMONITORDEV” | gammu sendsms TEXT 12345678.

    When I start gammu-smsd and run echo “Test message from DSMONITORDEV” | gammu-smsd-inject TEXT 12345678 the log status of /var/log/gammu-smsd shows “unable to get send status of message”.

    Any advice here will be very very much appreciate cos the problem’s been bugging me for several weeks and still I can’t find a solution.

  2. kangni says:

    Hi I need help for my addictions gammu configuration I have a samsung Galaxy S GT-I9000 I can’t access my sim contacts and I also connected a mysql for the simultaneous distribution of sms database

  3. Verus says:

    Hi,
    Thanks for the procedure, it helped me a lot (couldn’t use the zabbix sms config because my usb modem uses other speed -9600).
    Only one remark, you have to make sure that the zabbix user has the correct rights to the /var/spool/gammu… folders.
    Cheers

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